Kosunen Racing
Online (web) since 2001!
The Kosunen Racing is a private motorsport team from Finland. The principle is that rivals will help whenever needed!
Mitsubishi Colt WRC' Evolution
Mitsubishi Colt WRC' Evolution
4WD, +500 bhp and about 800 Nm torque Unique and extreme equipment of interest both in Finland and abroad! more »
Working together to victory!
Without partners in motorsport, it is impossible. An impressive ensemble of interest to the general public, as well as the media. more >
Team leffat
Video compilations
Interesting camera angles, changing ideas, speed and gear displays, humor boosts well-known race videos
Skoda Felicia, 1400 Trophy
Skoda Felicia, 1400 Trophy
Rally: 1400 Trophy class Skoda Mini'Kit Felicia.
2WD, +100 hv, 6-speed dogbox, LSD etc. more »

Gp.A / WRC

In 1997, the FIA sought to strengthen the somewhat uncertain future of the WRC by introducing a special Group A standard. This was the World Rally car specification, designed to open up the sport to as many manufacturers as possible. Toyota introduced the Corolla WRC in the 1000 Lakes rally 1997 but Mitsubishi still conforming to the group A car until they homologated a Lancer Evolution WRC from the 2001 San Remo Rally.

FIA rules say that WRC World Rally Car cars must be based on a standard road car bodyshell. To get the FIA homologation the manufacturers have to produce only 50 units (Group A a vehicle has to be produced to numbers above 2500 units). All WRC cars have 2.0 litre engine, turbocharger and four wheel drive.

  Subaru WRC turbocharger
Subaru 04 WRC
Mitsubishi WRC engine
Mitsubishi WRC engine
Citroen WRC engine bay
Citröen Xsara WRC
Mitsubishi WRC
Mitsubishi WRC
Subaru WRC engine bay / Prodrive
Subaru 04 WRC
Subaru WRC / Prodrive
Subaru 04 WRC
Subaru WRC gearbox / Prodrive
Subaru WRC-vaihteisto
Peugeot 207 S2000 rear suspension
Peugeot 207 S2000
Citroen WRC engine bay
Citroen WRC
Mitsubishi Turbocharger
Mitsubishi WRC
Mitsubishi WRC
WRC spoiler
WRC Rear spoiler

Compared to group A the WRC rules example alloys modified front and rear suspension layout, attachment points and also modified engine position. The engine can be relocated by a maximum of 20 mm as compared to its original position and can be tilted by 20° around the crankshaft axis.

The rules requires engine to have a 34 mm restrictor in the air intake, which holds down power output to around 300 bhp. That is, it’s not true.... real power is around 370 - 380 hp (seen with my own eyes - old Mitsubishi gp.A, dyno 350 hp).

Torque is massive up to around 750 - 850 Nm. This means that a power output in excess of 300 hp is available all the way from 3000 rpm to the red line of ~7500 rpm with a peak of at around 5500 rpm. Sequential gearbox and elecronics allow driver make clutchless gearchanges, a new wrc gearbox cost about 70 - 90 000 €. A used privately owned proper WRC car will be charged +350 000 euros (+550 000$).

Tyres and brakes
From the beginning of the 2008 season, all World Rally Car entrants will use tyres from a single supplier. It's forbidden for competition cars running on less than four wheels to be driven on liaison sections. A set of competition tyres will last around 100 km. The brakes impress! Watercooled calipers and monstrous discs +360 mm are not uncommon on tarmac events. These can be wrapped by eight-pot calipers up front and four-pot variants at the rear. To help slide the rear on asphalt, the handbrake system is hydraulic and so very efficient.

Even so, a water-cooled WRC turbo CHRA will still be produced from cast iron, whereas magnesium alloy remains the material of choice for WRC turbocharger compressor housings. Example Garrett TR30R (used in many WRC cars) scales at a about 4 kg, whereas a MHI Lancer Evo 9 GSR turbo represents a 10 kg mass! WRC Turbochargers units cost between 6000 - 12 000 € (euros).

Turbo boost is 3 - 5 bar and anti-lag systems mean the turbocharger delivers maximum boost from tick-over. ALS - Anti-Lag System is an engine management technique that allows to minimize the turbo lag time. Example Impreza WRC2008 produces up to a 60 psi (4 bar) of boost. A turbo restrictor is essentially a tube fitted directly on the turbocharger's air intake. The turbo restrictor's effect is mostly noticed in above 5000 rpm.

Rules allow spoilers and other aerodynamic aids that you will not see on a road car. Engine cooling is another aerodynamic consideration. Ford 2003 features dramatically restyled aerodynamics and made aerodynamics 'revolution' for WRC cars.

The cars are fitted with a full roll cage. The overall length of these pipes reaches 50 meters. Cars include also safety fuel shell, fire extinguishers, special seat and seat belt harnesses. The crew must wear approved fireproof underwear, suits, helmets and Hans® device. All of this equipment is scrutinized by event officials before the start of each event. In FIA World Rally Championship all cars are fitted with a GPS safety tracking system which allows Rally Control to see where they are at a glance.

1.6T World Rally Car (WRC)
FIA "The date for introduction of the 1600cc turbo engine for the WRC car has been brought forward to 2011 to bring it in line with the engine used in the cars on sale to the public."

Group A   WRC   1600 WRC (2011-)
Year 1986-   Year 1997-   Year 2011-
2000 cc, turbocharger, antilag   2000 cc, turbocharger, antilag   1600 cc, turbocharger, antilag
inlet restrictor 38 mm (1992) to 36mm (1994) to 34 mm (1995-)   34 mm inlet restrictor   33 mm inlet restrictor
4WD   4WD   4WD
Turbo boost: 2 - 4 bar   Turbo boost: 3 - 5 bar   Turbo boost: 2,5 bar limit
Power 300 - 350 hp   Power 340 - 360 hp   300 - 330 hp
Torque 600 - 700 Nm   Torque 750 - 850 Nm   500 - 600 Nm
Max.compression ratio: -   Max.compression ratio: 13:1   Max.compression ratio: 10:1?
4 - 6-speed dogbox   4 - 6-speed dogbox, paddle shift   4 - 6-speed dogbox
Mechanical differentials   Mechanical differentials
(Active diffs banned in year 2006)
  Mechanical differentials
Max. track width:   Max. track width: 1550 mm    
Maximum width:   Max. width: 1770 mm   Maximum width:
Minimum length:   Minimum length: 4000mm   Minimum length:
Min. weight 1230 kg   Min. weight 1230 kg   Min.weight: 1200 kg
0 - 100 km/h 4 - 4,5 sec   0 - 100 km/h 3,5 - 4,5 sec
(Focus WRC -02 measured ~ 4,4 s)
  0 - 100 km/h 3,6 - 4,5 sec
Top speed 200 - 220 km/h   Top speed 200 - 220 km/h   Top speed 200 - 220 km/h
price: 50 000 - 250 000 €   price: 300 000 - 650 000 €   price: 300 000 - 450 000 € ?

Cars: Mitsubishi Lancer Evo, Subaru Impreza, Ford Escort, Toyota Celica GT-Four, Lancia Delta Integrale etc.
Ford Focus WRC, Peugeot 307 WRC
Subaru S12 WRC, Skoda Fabia WRC
Hyundai Accent WRC, Toyota Corolla WRC, Skoda Octavia WRC etc.
Ford Fiesta RS WRC, Citröen DS3 WRC, Mini?

*prices used - new